Connecticut Genealogy & History Guide

Free Connecticut Genealogy Resources:



General Resources:

Connecticut quick facts:

  • Connecticut Statehood:
    January 9, 1788
  • Connecticut State Capital:
  • Connecticut Counties:
    8 Counties - County Map  
  • Connecticut State Nickname:
    The Constitution State
  • Connecticut State Bird:
  • Connecticut State Flower:
    Mountain Laurel
  • Connecticut State Song:
    "Yankee Doodle"
  • Connecticut State Motto:
    "Qui transtulit sustinet"
    He who transplanted still sustains.

Connecticut State Library
231 Capitol Avenue
Hartford, CT 06106
Toll-free 866-886-4478

Dept. of Public Health
Vital Records Office
410 Capitol Ave. MS#11VRS
P.O. Box 340308
Hartford, CT 06134-0308

Connecticut Genealogy Research Guide:

Connecticut Federal Census Records:

All the Connecticut Federal Census records (except 1890) have Population Schedules, Industry and Agriculture Schedules started in 1850 through 1880 along with Mortality Schedules. The Connecticut State Library has book indexes, microfilmed copies and in some cases the original copies of the Connecticut Federal Census.

  • 1790 - Population Schedule
  • 1800 - Population Schedule
  • 1810 - Population Schedule
  • 1820 - Population Schedule
  • 1830 - Population Schedule
  • 1840 - Population Schedule
  • 1850 - Population Schedule, Industry and Agriculture Schedule, Mortality Schedule
  • 1860 - Population Schedule, Industry and Agriculture Schedule, Mortality Schedule
  • 1870 - Population Schedule, Industry and Agriculture Schedule, Mortality Schedule
  • 1880 - Population Schedule, Industry and Agriculture Schedule, Mortality Schedule
  • 1890 - Destroyed in a fire-1921
  • 1900 - Population Schedule
  • 1910 - Population Schedule
  • 1920 - Population Schedule
  • 1930 - Population Schedule

Connecticut State Census Records:

Connecticut didn't take a state census, but a Military Census was taken in 1917 which lists all men between twenty and thirty years old. (Most towns went beyond this and listed all men between sixteen and sixty.) Also recorded are women in occupations that could be helpful during WWI, such as nursing. With name and age, place of birth, occupations and number of dependents were recorded. This Census is available at the Connecticut State Library and also at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Colonial Connecticut Census Records:

A number of census substitutes exist for colonial Connecticut, such as tax records, land records, probate records, and church membership indexes. Population enumerations exist for the years 1756, 1762, and 1774 list only the number of inhabitants in a town and categorize them by race, sex, and age.

  • Free Census Extraction Forms - Form formats changed as the years went by. Extraction forms allow you to record information in the same format as the year it was taken.

Connecticut Military Records:

Connecticut Vital Records:

Starting in July 1897, copies of vital records were sent to the Department of Public Health, Vital Records Unit. For records earlier than 1897 you will have to contact a town clerk. Vital records in Connecticut have always been kept by town clerks instead of being registered by the county. In early Connecticut a fine was levied for not recording a birth, marriage, or death so some fairly complete records can be found. Some town clerks were better at this than others. Census records can help locate the town to contact. Other sources to consider when looking for a town of residence are city directories, court and tax records, biographies, the Barbour Collection, and obituaries.

The Barbour Collection (pre-1850 vital records index and abstracts of town records) can be found at the Connecticut State Library-Vital Records. Microfilm copies are available and some indexes have been put online.

Connecticut Birth Records 100 years and older are open to the public. Public Act No.96-258 has imposed restrictions on birth records less than 100 years old. These records are open only to certain parties. List of requirements.

Fees for ordering copies of vital records.

Connecticut vital records can be found in:

  • Connecticut Birth Records
    • The Barbour Collection
    • Church baptism and christening records
    • Bible records
    • Online databases and indexes
  • Connecticut Marriage Records
  • Connecticut Death Records
    • The Barbour Collection
    • Church records
    • Bible records
    • Cemetery records
    • Obituaries
    • Online databases and indexes
  • Connecticut Divorce Records
    • Connecticut State Library-(houses original documents and the original Superior Court record books of early divorces.)
    • Connecticut Superior Court-Family Division
  • Order a Connecticut Vital Record Online

Connecticut Genealogy Subscriptions Online:

Genealogy resources for Connecticut are available online from subscription websites which offer free trials to quality data.

Mountain LaurelCondensed History of ConnecticutMountain Laurel

Originally one of the four 'United Colonies of New England' (the other three were Massachusetts, New Haven, and Plymouth) Connecticut is the fifth state in the United States. Connecticut was also fifth to ratify the new constitution establishing a representative government. It is the southernmost of the New England states and is bordered by Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New York.

In the early 1600's the area around what is now Hartford was settled by Dutch traders. A few years later they approached the Plymouth Colony to encourage settlement in Connecticut. In 1633 several settlements were made by the English colonists on land around the Connecticut River Valley. The name Connecticut is probably derived from a Native American word, Quinnehtukqut, meaning “beside the long tidal river.”

The Pequot Indians seem to be the tribe the settlers had the most trouble with. There was peaceful trading with some bands while other bands were more warlike, attacking trading expeditions and eventually bringing reprisals down on the peaceful bands also. The Pequot peoples were almost exterminated by a force of men from the settlements and other friendly Indian tribes.

Connecticut does not have county government, but is divided into 169 towns with distinct borders. Connecticut's counties were mostly used to define geographical divisions of the state for census purposes. Most genealogy records can be found at the town level, from the town clerks office. Each town serves as the primary source of local government, and may contain incorporated cities, boroughs, and villages.

Further resources:

Connecticut is home to many historical firsts:

  • First cotton gin

  • First development of mass production

  • First dictionary

  • First law school in America

  • First medical diploma granted by Yale University

  • First municipal public library (New Haven)

  • First newspaper

  • First pay phone

  • First revolver

  • First sewing machine

  • First State House in America

  • First submarine

  • First tape measure

  • First town library (Salisbury)

Mountain Laurel graphics courtesy of Santa Lady